The entry of Hindu religion in Bali


Jumat, 27 Agustus 2010

The end of prehistoric times in Indonesia was marked by the arrival and influence of the Hindu nation. In the first centuries AD until approximately the year 1500, ie by the disappearance of the kingdom of Majapahit periods of Hindu influence. Given the influences of India's prehistory ended the obtainment of Indonesia because the written statement that includes the nation of Indonesia into the era of history. Based on the details found on the inscription to the 8th century AD it be said that the Ancient Balinese historical period covering the period between the 8th century AD to 14th century AD with the arrival of the expedition mahapati Gajah Mada from Majapahit who can defeat the Balinese. Balidwipa name is not a new name, but has existed since ancient times. This can be known from several inscriptions; among them the inscription Blanjong issued by Sri Kesari Warmadewa in the year 913 AD who mentions the word "Walidwipa". Similarly from King Jayapangus inscriptions, such as inscriptions and inscriptions Buwahan D Cempaga A's down year in 1181 AD.

Among the kings of Bali, which left many written statement that also mention the picture of the composition of government at the time were Udayana, Jayapangus, Jayasakti, and Children Wungsu. In controlling the government, the king is assisted by an Advisory Board of the Centre. The oldest inscription 882 AD - 914 AD this body is called the "panglapuan". Since the days of Udayana, called the Central Advisory Board with the term "i jro pakiran makabaihan thoughts." This body consists of several people senapati and Siwa and Buddhist priests.

In the inscriptions before the King Child Wungsu mentioned some kind of art that existed at that time. However, new at the time of King Children Wungsu, we can distinguish the type of art into two major groups, namely the palace of art and folk art. Of course, this palace of art terms does not mean that the art was completely closed for the people. Sometimes this art be presented to the community in villages or in other words, art is not the monopoly of the palace of kings.

In the field of religion, the influences of prehistoric times, especially from the megalithic era are still felt strong. Trust in those days to worship emphasized that disimboliskan ancestor spirits in the form of worship building called pyramid or building terraces terrace steps. Sometimes the buildings are placed on top of menhirs, the monolithic stone pillar as a symbol of the spirit of their ancestors. At times it can be seen at Hindu temple building terraces pundan similar to the steps. The belief in the gods of mountains, sea, and others dating back to before the entry of Hindus still reflected in people's lives in the days after the entry of Hindu religion. In the early days until the reign of King Sri Wijaya is not known with certainty Goddess religion in those days. Can only be known from the names of the monks who used elements of the name Shiva, Shiva Piwakangsita monk example, Siwanirmala monks, and monks Siwaprajna. Based on this, the possibility of religion that developed at that time was the religion of Shiva. New in the reign of King Udayana and his queen, there are two schools of major religions embraced by the population, namely Shiva and the Buddhist religion. This description obtained from the inscription, which mentions the existence mpungku prasastinya Sewasogata (Shiva-Buddha) as the assistant to the king.

2 komentar:

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ewikq mengatakan...

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